Hunger, Coronavirus, Recession

  1. The toughest fight ever fought against hunger will be disrupted by the recession induced by coronavirus.
  2. Somewhere between 8.3 crore to 13 crore people are expected to go hungry this year globally.
  3. This dire news came from the report of the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) 2020.
  4. Estimates drawn from data available till March 2020 show that almost 69 crore people went hungry in 2019 — up by 1 crore in 2018.

We are off the track

  1. The report is produced jointly by five major organisations :
    1. the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO),
    2. the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD),
    3. the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF),
    4. the UN World Food Programme (WFP)
    5. the World Health Organisation (WHO).
  2. This report was first launched in 2017.
  3. The heads of the five agencies warn that “five years after the world committed to end hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition, we are still off track to achieve this objective by 2030.

Rising hunger

  1. The report underlines that hunger threat has been rising since 2014.
  2. There are overall 8.9% people hungry globally.
  3. Asia is at the top of the list with 38 crore undernourished people. Africa is second with 25 crore, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean(4.8 crore).
  4. The report also states that in 2019, 21.3% (14.4.crore) of children under 5 years were stunted, 6.9% (4.7 crore) wasted and 5.6% (3.8 million) overweight.
  5. The SOFI report suggests that a healthy diet costs more than ?143/day, which is the international poverty threshold.
  6. And total number of such people who are below this poverty threshold (over 300 crore) exceeds the combined population of two most populous countries in the world, i.e. India & China.

2. ‘Mata Ni Pachedi’ registered for GI tag

  1. Mata ni Pachedi is also called the Kalamkari of Gujarat thanks to its resemblance to the art of Kalamkari from South India and the same method of painting, namely using a pen (kalam) made out of bamboo. 
  2. Mata ni pachedi means ‘behind the mother goddess’ and is a cloth that constitutes a temple of the goddess.
  3. In this folk art Mother Goddess is at the centre and her stories and legends fill the remaining cloth.
  4. There are currently 70 to 80 people from 10-15 families practicing this art.

It will take three months

  1. An official application for the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for “Mata Ni Pachedi”, a textile art form, has been registered.
  2. Gujrat Council on Science and Technology (GUJCOST) filed the application las week.
  3. “We got our application registered at the GI Registry. It will take around three month time for its evaluation and approval. We are hopeful for its successful GI registration soon,” said Dr Narottam Sahoo, adviser, Gujarat Council on Science and Technology (GUJCOST), state Department of Science and Technology.
  4. A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.

The Story of ‘Mata Ni Pachedi’

  1. Ethnographic studies point to the fact that for a long time in history, the Devipujak community was disallowed entry into temples. To overcome this abhorable restrictive practice, the community found a unique solution.
  2. They painted an image of the Goddess on a piece of cloth, hung it up behind the temple and directed their worship at the painting of the Goddess. This practice took root and the painted textile came to be known as “Mata Ni Pachedi” literally meaning ‘Behind the Goddess (temple)’.
  3. This textile folk art is solely dedicated to depict the stories of Mother Goddess. Because of its sacred nature it is often referred to as sacred cloth, temple cloth, temple hanging, shrine cloth or ritual cloth of Mother Goddess.
  4. It is mainly used for rituals and has great demand during Navaratri festival.
  5. If approved, this would the 16th GI tag for Gujarat.

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