Animal Diseases and Surgery
Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene
Veterinary Public Health
4. Meat Hygiene and Technology
5. LPT Milk

Syllabus of Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene

1.1 Histology and Histological Techniques:

  • Paraffin embedding technique of tissue processing and H.E. staining
  • Freezing microtomy- Microscopy Bright field microscope and electron microscope.
  • Cytology-structure of cell, organelles and inclusions;
  • cell division-cell types
  • Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues
  • Comparative histology of organs-Vascular, Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo-skeletal and urogenital systems Endocrine glands -Integuments-sense organs.

1.2 Embryology

  • Embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals
  • gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers
  • foetal membranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals
  • Teratology-twins and twinning-organogenesis
  • germ layer derivatives- endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivates.

1.3 Bovine Anatomy-

  • Regional Anatomy: Para-nasal sinuses of ox
  • surface anatomy of salivary glands.
  • Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary, mandibuloalveolar, mental and cornual nerve block.
  • Regional anatomy of paravertebral nerves, pudendal nerve, median ulnar and radial nerves-tibial, fibular and digital nerves-Cranial nerves
  • structures involved in epidural anaesthesia-
  • superficial lymph nodes-
  • surface anatomy of visceral organs of thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities
  • comparative features of locomotor apparatus and their application in the biomechanics of mammalian body.

 1.4 Anatomy of Fowl

  • Musculo-skeletal system-functional anatomy in relation to respiration and flying, digestion and egg production.

1.5 Pharmacology and therapeutic drugs

  • Cellular level of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics.
  • Drugs acting on fluids and electrolyte balance.
  • Drugs acting on Autonomic nervous system.
  • Modern concepts of anaesthesia and dissociative anaesthetics. Autacoids.
  • Antimicrobials and principles of chemotherapy in microbial infections.
  • Use of hormones in therapeutics-chemotherapy of parasitic infections.
  • Drug and economic concerns in the Edible tissues of animals
  • chemotherapy of Neoplastic diseases.
  • Toxicity due to insecticides, plants, metals, non-metals, zootoxins and mycotoxins.

1.6 Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation

  • Assessment of pollution of water, air and soil-Importance of climate in animal health-
  • effect of environment on animal function and performance-relationship between industrialization and animal agriculture
  • animal housing requirements for specific categories of domestic animals viz. pregnant cows and sows, milking cows, broiler birds-
  • stress, strain and productivity in relation to animal habitation.