Role of Civil Services in a Democracy

IAS Exam preparation

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  • Give advice to political executives.
  • Assist the political executive to: (a) Formulate policy (b) Implement policy.

To implement this ideology, civil services are established to carry out the following role: –

1. The Voice of the People

Civil servants are the voice of the people they represent. They identify and redress the grievances of the community they represent

2. Uninterrupted Public Welfare

Since the political executive of the Indian state is deemed to change every 5 years, it is crucial to have an administrative body to carry out the formulated government policies without any hiccups

3. Application of a Broader Conceptual Knowledge

This organized body of meritorious individuals is unlike the transitioning political executives they give advice to and are holistically well versed with the understanding and working of the public system

4. Effectual Implementation of Welfare

They are responsible for implementing and executing effective and efficient policies on behalf of the government for national and social welfare

Major Responsibilities of Civil Servants to Government and Society

The role and duties of civil services in Indian democracy are inevitable and crucial. Let’s check out the responsibilities one by one.

 1. Accountability to the Elected Government

As in any democracy where the elected government (ministers) is responsible for their people, the civil servants become accountable to the elected ministers

2. Impartial Service to the Government

Irrespective of the change in the elected government, the public servants must provide responsive and unbiased advice to the government it serves.

3. 360-degree Involvement in Public Welfare

They are required to formulate and implement welfare policies and ensure that the law is maintained in the public interest

4. The Voice of the People

They are the chosen representatives of the government and must adopt an ethical outlook in the interest of the society

Importance of the Civil Service to the Indian Administrative System

  • The role of the civil services in the Indian democracy is that of a strong binding force of all formulated plans and policies of public welfare.
  • It personifies an ingrained unifying character that consolidates the entire framework of initiatives and institutions undertaken to benefit the people.
  • It is the main component of democratic governance and is helpful in maintaining structure and governance in the face of adversity or political unrest.
  • It is imperative to practical policymaking and regulation.
  • It is necessary to carry out policies effectively and morally, keeping at the forefront the sensitivity and security of the people.