Panchayat are organised in India from ancient times to resolve method of a particular confined area but in present Main aim of panchayats are to make democracy more participative in nature.
Objectives of Panchayati Raj
- To develop democratic consciousness among people of India
- To reduce the Gulf between bureaucrats and people
- To reduce the burden on government
- To involve villages in their development i.e. participatory democracy
Constitutional status to Panchayati Raj
- By 73rd Amendment Act 1993 panchayats got constitutional status in Indian Constitution
- Schedule 11th and 12th were added in Indian Constitution
- Article 243 to article 243 have provisions regarding Panchayati Raj
Various committees regarding Panchayati Raj
- Balwant Rai Mehta committee in 1957 suggested three tire of local self government
- Ashok Mehta committee of 1977 suggested two tier system with involvement of political parties and constitutional status to panchayats.
- LM Singhvi committee give more focus to constitutional status for panchayats. Nyaya panchayat also suggested by LM Singhvi committee
- Thungon committee suggested that at the tenure of a panchayat should be 5 years and the main body should be Zilla Parishad.
- Gadgil committee suggested for constitutional status and for reservation of womens.