14. Local Self Government

Local Self Government

Panchayati Raj

Panchayat are organised in India from ancient times to resolve method of a particular confined area but in present Main aim of panchayats are to make democracy more participative in nature.

Objectives of Panchayati Raj

  • To develop democratic consciousness among people of India
  • To reduce the Gulf between bureaucrats and people
  • To reduce the burden on government
  • To involve villages in their development i.e. participatory democracy

Constitutional status to Panchayati Raj

  • By 73rd Amendment Act 1993 panchayats got constitutional status in Indian Constitution
  • Schedule 11th and 12th were added in Indian Constitution
  • Article 243 to article 243 have provisions regarding Panchayati Raj

Various committees regarding Panchayati Raj

  • Balwant Rai Mehta committee in 1957 suggested three tire of local self government
  • Ashok Mehta committee of 1977 suggested two tier system with involvement of political parties and constitutional status to panchayats.
  • LM Singhvi committee¬†give more focus to constitutional status for panchayats. Nyaya panchayat also suggested by LM Singhvi committee
  • Thungon committee suggested that at the tenure of a panchayat should be 5 years and the main body should be Zilla Parishad.
  • Gadgil committee suggested for constitutional status and for reservation of womens.

Also read: State Government.