10. Linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Introduction:

The crime that is carried out in an organized manner by an organization is called organized crime. In this, the organization has a sufficiently trained workforce.

Traditional Organized Crime: – Illegal liquor business, extortion, kidnapping, robbery, piracy, robbery, blackmail, mafia

Modern organized crime: Money laundering, hawala trading, cyber crime, distribution of counterfeit notes, human trafficking, smuggling of arms and substances, trafficking

Regional expansion: Organized crime can be networked across multiple regions or across multiple nations. There is a large number of committed individuals with extensive networks

Threat for India

India faces the following threats to internal security through organized crime:

  1. Presence of differences between different classes in India. These differences are economic, social, regional, ethnic, caste, communal. Criminals try to capitalize on differences which are dangerous from the point of view of internal security.
  2. Ethnic struggles and separatist movements are going on in many areas and the association of these movements with criminal organizations is also an important problem.
  3. India has a large number of educated unemployed who can be trained and qualified for organized crime. These youth work on social basis for this.
  4. Tension in India’s relations with neighboring countries, hence providing financial assistance and training and arms to criminal organizations by various neighbors.
  5. Being a developing country, India has limited economic resources to spend on internal security, while criminal organizations have the possibility of developing cooperation between organized criminals and politicians due to the problem of availability of adequate finance.
  6. Due to most corruption in political-administrative life, there is also a possibility of developing alliances between criminal organizations and political parties across the border.
  7. The location between the ‘Golden Trengle’ and the ‘Golden Crescent’ of India while it serves as a financial source for organized crimes. In particular, the separatist groups of India are financially supported by mafias of intoxicating values and the relationship of such mafias with the SP has also been shown.

Relationship between organized crime and terrorism:

  • Terrorists resort to organized crime to seek financial help to their organization. Drug trafficking, money laundering, counterfeit notes, contractual murder, coercion and extortion are some of the main organized crimes that terrorists commit to collect money.
  • Organized criminal groups and terrorists often operate on the same network structure. Terrorists thrive under the guise of international organized crime parties. Both organized criminal groups and terrorists work in areas where there is minimal government control, weak administration and open borders. Organized criminal parties and terrorists often use the same modern technology for communication.
  • Organized criminals give ammo and weapons by smuggling to terrorist parties in exchange for drugs and diamonds. Terrorist parties use smuggling nets set up by organized criminal parties to send their members to different countries of the world. Organized criminal groups also act as money laundering. Terrorist groups levy taxes on drug traffickers to provide security in their controlled area.
  • Organized criminal parties and terrorists flourish due to ineffective administration and weak law and order. There is a symbiotic relationship between the two. In most developed countries, organized crime operates without any terrorist activity. Terrorists are active in most developing countries with varying levels of organized crime.

Difference between terrorism and organized crime:

  • Terrorists aim to change the status quo of any ruling government and topple it. Terrorism mainly works on the strategy of spreading fear and fear and spreads it by spreading fear among the general public whereas organized crime aims to establish a parallel government along with the present government. Any change in the status quo of the government is circumstantial and it develops smoothly rather than through a revised policy.
  • Terrorists mainly resort to violent methods while organized crime prefers violent and non-violent activities.
  • Terrorism is driven primarily by political objectives, despite cashing in on regional, national and religious sentiments to achieve its objectives. Economic motives, by contrast, are the operational factors of organized crime.

Reason for expansion:

  • Expanding the network of organized crime.
  • Terrorist groups and alliances in organized crime.
  • Reasons for sending money to various areas for criminal activities by criminal organizations.
  • The need for terrorist groups to maintain the flow of funds for terrorist purposes in various regions.
  • Increase in storage of illegal money due to increasing corruption Increase in storage of illegal money due to increasing corruption.
  • Need to spend money received from kidnapping, illegal recovery etc.
  • To ensure the use of money received from drug trafficking and trafficking in illegal weapons and trade.
  • Globalization intensified this process. It expanded widely with MNCs and various banks, stock markets etc.

Solution efforts by India

  1. Implementing ARC recommendations on organized crime, defining organized crime, enacting stricter laws against it.
  2. Unemployment should be reduced by giving priority to job creation and skill development.
  3. There should be a sincere effort to remove all differences in national life and put them on the priority list.
  4. Combating Corruption

International Efforts :-

  1. Diplomatic efforts: To improve relations with neighbors and to see differences from.the point of view of reality rather than emotionally.
  2. UNCTOC (UN convention on transnational organized crime) to implement it effectively. The treaty is under the jurisdiction of the UNODC (UN office of drung crime). With its implementation, the relationship between organized crime and drug trafficking will also be broken. The UNCTOC supplement also has three specific field protocols:
  1. To stop the illegal-immoral trade of individuals (women and children).
  2. Ban on trafficking of illegal migrants.
  3. Combat arms trafficking.

3. Effectively implement UNCC (UN-Convention on corruption). This treaty is in force from 14 December 2005. It was signed by India only in December 2005. It was also approved by Parliament in May 2001. This treaty is also under the jurisdiction of the UNODC. Therefore, the alliance of organized crime and corruption will also be broken.

Impact of decision on India: –

India is consistently opposing Pak-supported terrorism. From parliament attacks to Mumbai, Pathankot attack, Pakistan-backed organizations have contributed in all . This action on Hafiz Saeed is a major victory of India and it will help in preventing terrorism.

Way forward:

Terrorism is now a global problem rather than a regional problem. Countries like France, America, India, China suffer from it. Therefore, it is necessary that a global solution to this global problem should be done by forgetting mutual differences. This decision will also prove to be an important step in this direction.

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