Causes:Talukadars or big landlords strengthen and over the of Awadh in 1856 illegal levies, reward fees or nazrana and arbiter After World War I High prices make the ore miserable
Method: Organization of the peasants on modern lines into Kisan Sabhas key persons: Gauri Shankar Mishra. Indra Narain Dwidi and with support of MMM.
Demand: Oudh Kisan Sabha asked the Kisans to refuse to till bedakis land, not to after hari and beggar.
Consequences : Pattern of activity was the looting of bazaars. houses, granaries and charts with the police.
Government brought seditious meetings Act and Oudh Rent Amendment) Act brought decline of the movement.
Eke Movements : Peasant Movement
Cause: The main grievances here related to the extraction of a rent that was 50% higher than recorded rents, the oppression of the cedars to whom the work of rent collection was formed out and the practice of share-rents.
Demand: They would pay only the recorded rent but pay it on time.
Consequence: Madavl pasi or other lower caste leaders who were not included to accept the discipline of non-violence contact with nationalists diminished. Heavy repression brought the movement to stand still. Moppilla Revolt.
Causes: Lack of security of tenure. renewal fees, high rents and other oppressive landlord exactions spark: congress and Khilafat leaders supported tenants cause. Government issues prohibit arrest for Khilafat tenets leaders. This resulted in leadership passing into hands of local leaders
1st phase: Targets of the attack were the unpopular Jemmies (landlords) and courts, police stations and office. Peasant movement
2nd phase: Once the British declared martial law and repression began, some Hindu supported the British either after being assured. Revolt takes common character so later heavily repressed.
Bardoli Satyagrah : Peasant Movement
Causes: 30%increase over land revenue later reduced to 21.97% after press campaign by Gandhithrough youngIndia and Navj van.
Demand: Refuse Payment until independent tribunal or take current as full payment.
Method: Kalyan and Kumar Mehta and Dayal Desai worked hard to spread the message of NCM. read also: August offer 1940