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Geography NCERT

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Lesson 5, Topic 1
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Chapter- 1 India Size & Location

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Introduction

India is one of ancient civilization in world and has moved forward displaying remarkable progress in the field of agriculture, industry and technology.

Location

Main land extends between latitude 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E. the tropic of cancer (23° 30’N) divides the country almost into two equal parts. the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands lie in Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea respectively.

Size

Area – 3.28 million square km (2.4% of the total geographical area of world). India is 7th largest country of the world. India’s land boundary – 15,200km (coast line of mainland including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep is 7,516.6). India contains young fold mountains in northwest, north and northeast. India’s standard meridian is 82°30’E which passes through mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh).

India and the world

India is located in the south-central part of the continent of Asia. bordering the Indian ocean and its two arms extending in the form of Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. This maritime location of Peninsular India has provided links to its neighboring regions through the sea and air routes. These routes haves contributed in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient time.

India’s neighbors

India has 28 states and 8 union territories. Sri Lanka and the Maldives are the two island countries located in the Indian Ocean, which are our neighbors. Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait. Other neighbors are Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh.

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