Lesson 4, Topic 3
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2.3 Theories of the state: Post-Colonial

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Post-colonialism is indeed an academic study of the cultural heritage of colonialism and imperialism, concentrating on the human consequences of colonized and their lands being controlled and exploited. Postcolonialism is a crucial theoretical analysis of the European imperial power’s history, culture, literature, and debate. Postcolonial theory is a literary theory or theoretical method concerned with literature created in countries that were, or are still other countries’ colonies. It may also contend with literature written in or by residents of colonizing countries that take the issue of colonies or their inhabitants.

The principle is focused upon the principles of resistance and otherness. It reflects in particular on the manner in which literature by the colonizing culture obscures the perceptions and facts, and inscribes the inferiority of the colonized people on literature by colonized communities who seek to express their identities and recover their heritage in the face of the unavoidable otherness of that history. It can also discuss the way literature appropriates the language, images, events, traditions, and so on of colonized countries in colonized countries.

The postcolonial theory maintains intellectual spaces for subordinate persons to speak for themselves, in their very own voices, and therefore produces cultural discourses of philosophy, language, economy, and society, adjusting the imbalanced us-and-them binary power-relationship seen between colonist and the colonial subjects.

The post-colonial state was characterized by its political and economic plan and its ‘infrastructural capacity’ in two different ways. Most post-colonial states took off from an interventionist point of view. Nevertheless, the ability of these states to execute their initiatives has been crucially influenced by the changing political system in those regions. The post-colonial state was described as ‘strong’ or ‘weak’ depending on its capacity to execute political decisions—whether or not the political system is in place and functioning well.

Post-colonialism theoretical reviews rely on the reading and writing of literature published in countries colonized historically or at present. The job is comprised of colonizing nations dealing with conquest or colonizing populations. The Postcolonial Theory is a term used to refer to the theoretical and critical observations of the Western powers’ former colonies and how they relate and communicate with the rest of the world. Such theories are of great importance to the colonizers and the colonized societies.

A major feature of post-colonialism is the very brutal, unbuffered interaction or collision between cultures as an unavoidable consequence between early colonial times; the connection of colonial authority to the (formerly) colonized country, its people, and culture, and vice versa appears exceedingly unclear and incoherent.

Post-colonialism is a wider cultural method in which language, literature, and translation play a role in the study of power relations between different groups, cultures, or individuals. Postcolonial literature is the literature of people from countries previously colonized.

Excluding Antarctica, it exists on all the continents. Postcolonial literature often discusses the problems and implications of a country’s decolonization, especially issues relating to the political and cultural independence of previously subjugated people, and issues such as racialism and colonialism.

Postcolonial philosophy is built primarily around the idea of otherness.

Postcolonial theory is often based on the idea of rebellion, of rebellion as subversion, or protest, or mimicry — but with the eerie question that resistance still inscribes the opposed into the fighting texture: it is a two-edged weapon.

Also, the concept of rebellion carries with it, or can carry with that as well, insight into human freedom, freedom, identity, individuality, etc., which ideas might not have been carried or retained in the same way in the view of the humanity of the colonized culture 

Postcolonial literary study:

Postcolonialism, as literary theory, interacts with the literature created by the persons who were once colonized by the European powers of imperialism (e.g. Britain, France, and Spain) and the literature of the decolonized countries engaged in modern, postcolonial structures (e.g. organizational international de la Francophonie and Commonwealth of Nations) with their former motherlands. The analysis of postcolonial literature is in two categories:

(I) the postcolonial nations; and

(ii) that of nations that seek to create a national postcolonial identity. The first group of literature discusses and analyzes the internal problems found in a decolonized country in defining an ethnic identity. The second group of literature discusses and analyzes the degeneration of civil and nationalist groups arising from ethnic parochialism, typically expressed as the demagogy of “protecting the nation,” a version of the binary social interaction between Us and Them.