Previous Years Questions Paper
Class 6th9 Topics
Chapter - 1 Understanding Diversity
Chapter - 2 Diversity and Discrimination
Chapter - 3 What is Government
Chapter - 4 Key Elements of a Democratic Government
Chapter - 5 Panchayati Raj
Chapter - 6 Rural Administration
Chapter - 7 Urban Administration
Chapter - 8 Rural Livelihoods
Chapter - 9 Urban Livelihoods
- Chapter - 1 Understanding Diversity
Class 7th10 Topics
Chapter- 1 On Equality
Chapter- 2 Role of the Government in Health
Chapter- 3 How the State Government Works
Chapter- 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls
Chapter- 5 Women Change the World
Chapter- 6 Understanding Media
Chapter- 7 Understanding Advertising
Chapter- 8 Markets Around Us
Chapter- 9 A Shirt in the Market
Chapter- 10 Struggle for Equality
- Chapter- 1 On Equality
PolityClass 8th10 Topics
Chapter- 1 The Indian Constitution
Chapter- 2 Understanding Secularism
Chapter- 3 Why Do We Need a Parliament
Chapter- 4 Judiciary
Chapter- 5 Understanding Laws
Chapter- 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System
Chapter- 7 Understanding Marginalisation
Chapter- 8 Confronting Marginalisation
Chapter- 9 Public Facilities
Chapter- 10 Law and Social Justice
- Chapter- 1 The Indian Constitution
Class 9th5 Topics
Class 10th8 Topics
Chapter- 2 Understanding Secularism
- A country which does not officially promote any religion as it’s
country’s religion is a secular country. India is one of them.
- India adopted a policy to separate the power of religion and the
power of the state.
- The separation of religion from the state is known as secularism.
The state can intervene in religion in order to end an evil social
practice which it believes discriminates and violates fundamental
- The Indian secularism is different from other democratic countries
as the Indian states can intervene in religious affairs.
- The term secularism refers to the separation between the power of
religion and the power of the State. This is important for a country to
- There are two chief reasons why the separation between religion
and State is important.The first is to prevent the domination of one religion over another.
- The second is to protect the freedom of individuals to come out of their religion, embrace another religion or have the freedom to interpret religious teachings differently.
- We can give an example of the practice of untouchability which allowed upper caste people to dominate lower caste people.
- Secularism’s opposition to institutionalized religion means that it
promotes freedom and equality between and within religions.
- Indian secularism does protect an individual’s religious freedom by
maintaining a separation from religion.
- The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group. It also does not
support any one religion.
- In India, government spaces such as law courts, police stations,
government schools and offices are not supposed to demonstrate
or promote any one religion.
- Indian secularism follows a strategy of non-interference. But at
some time it also intervenes in religion. Again we can give an
example of the practice of untouchability.
- The Indian Constitution bans this practice. In this instance, the State is intervening in religion in order to end a social practice that it believes
discriminates and excludes and that violates the fundamental rights
of lower caste people.
The intervention of the State can also be in the form of support
- Indian secularism is different from that of other democratic countries
such as the United States of America. There is a strict separation
between religion and the State in American secularism but in Indian
secularism, as mentioned above, the State can intervene in
- In Indian secularism, though the State is not strictly separate from
religion it does maintain a principled distance vis-a-vis religion. This
means that any interference in religion by the State has to be based
on the ideals laid out in the Indian Constitution.
Secularism: It refers to the separation of religion from the State.
Coercion: Forcing someone to do something. In the chapter, the
term refers to the force used by a legal authority such as the State.
Freedom to interpret: It refers to the freedom that all persons shall
have to understand things in their own way. In the chapter, it refers
to individual liberty to develop their own understanding and
meaning of the religion they practice.
Intervene: In the chapter, the term refers to the State’s efforts to
influence a particular matter in accordance with the principles of the