17. ISRO’s World Record PSLV C37 Launch

By successfully launching 104 single satellites, ISRO created the history and world record on 15 February 2017. The previous mark of 37 launched satellites (by Russia in 2014) was surpassed by India. The satellites were launched with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) – PSLV C37 launch vehicle.

ISRO’s PSLV C37 Launch: Top 10 Facts You Should Know

This prominent feat by ISRO is another proud moment for the Indian space scientific community and the nation as a whole. Let’s see the top facts of this mission.

Fact 1: PSLV C37 carried 3 Indian Satellites and 101 foreign satellites

Of the 104 satellites ISRO launched today, three are Indian and 101 are foreign. United States (96), Israel, Kazakhstan, the United Arab Emirates, Switzerland and the Netherlands are the foreign clients.

Fact 2: 103 satellites that were carried were nano satellites

PSLV carried a 714-kilogram main satellite for earth observation and 103 smaller “nanosatellites” which weighed a combined 664 kilograms.

Fact 3: Major Indian Satellite is CARTOSAT-2

There is also an Indian cartographic satellite, which is believed to be able to capture high-resolution images. It is anticipated to be used for the surveillance of Pakistan and China. INS-1A and INS-1B are other Indian satellites.

Fact 4: Sriharikota

The launch took place from the spaceport of Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. This is about 125 km from Chennai.

Fact 5: 18 minutes

In about 18 minutes all the satellites were released into space.

Fact 6: Growing Business

India is a big player in the space industry worth multi-billion dollars. The world record for the launch of PSLV indicates India is rising as a leading player in the space market worth millions of dollars. A increasing commercial sector is bringing business satellites into the space for a fee. That is because businesses and countries tend to connect more and more in high tech.

ISRO: Future plans

Fact 7: India had already successfully demonstrated her scientific capabilities with 2 major space missions – Chandrayan mission (to the moon) and Mangalyan mission (to Mars).

Fact 8: The second mission to Mars is tentatively slated for in 2021-2022. As per existing plans, it may well involve putting a robot on the surface of the Red Planet.

Fact 9: ISRO is also mulling the idea of missions to Jupiter and Venus.

Fact 10: In addition to this, ISRO is also working on a Reusable Lauch Vehicle, widely known as India’s space shuttle.

Practice question:

  1. Critically analyse PSLV C37 Mission.