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Acute infectious disease but not contagious inflammation of muscle, severe toxaemia.

Etiology: Clostridium chauvoei – gram positive, Anaerobic spore.

Epidemiology:
Young stock mostly affected – 6months – 2 years disease outbreak which the onset of rainy season.

Symptom:

  • Animals may die without showing symptom
  • Crepitant swelling in hind and fore quarters which crackles when rubbed due to gas in the muscle.
  • Lameness
  • Fever
  • Twitching of muscle
  • Affected region is hot and painful but becomes cold and painless
  • Skin over affected area – dry, hard and dark


Diagnosis: affected part is black or dark red – characteristic rancid smell.


Control: Hygiene and prophylaxis control.


Prevention: vaccination – before onset of rainy season – 5ml –polyvalent s/c (clostridium sp.).
Antibiotics like penicillin and tetracycline may be given

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