Animal Reproduction
Animal Nutrition
Animal Physiology
4. Animal Genetics & Breeding
5. Livestock production management (LPM)
6. Extension

Introductory Lecture : Syllabus and Previous years Papers of LPM


4.1 Commercial Dairy FarmingComparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries.

Dairying under mixed farming and as specialized farming, economic dairy farming. Starting of a dairyfarm, Capital and land requirement, organization of the dairy farm.

Opportunities in dairy farming,factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal. Herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production,pricing policy; Personnel Management.

Developing Practical and Economic rations for dairy cattle;supply of greens throughout the year, feed and fodder requirements of Dairy Farm.

Feeding regimes foryoung stock and bulls, heifers and breeding animals; new trends in feeding young and adult stock;Feeding records.

4.2 Commercial meat, egg and wool production- Development of practical and economic rations forsheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry.

Supply of greens, fodder, feeding regimes for young and maturestock. New trends in enhancing production and management. Capital and land requirements and socio-economic concept.

4.3 Feeding and management of animals under drought, flood and other natural calamities

Previous years Papers of LPM


  1. Why is a dairy plan required before starting a dairy enterprise? Explain various steps involved in  planning.
  2. Why is raising of Lambs important? Explain good Lamb-raising practises for profitable mutton production.
  3. Describe different methods of hay-making. What are the nutrient losses occurred during hay making and how to prevent these loses?
  4. Describe the strategies for feeding of high-yielding dairy animals different stages of lactation.
  5. Explain the care and managemental practices to be taken up during pregnancy and farrowing in sow. What care needs to be taken to improve survival rate of piglets born?
  6. Feeding of breeding boars
  7. Explain how the following farm productions records are standardized :

(i)  FCM

(ii) Correction of age

(iii) Lactation length

(iv) Correction for frequency of milking


  1. Write BIS specification of nutrient requirements for chicken
  2. Differentiate between Green fodder and Straws
  3. Feeding schedule for breeding bulls
  4. Write a short note on stall-feeding of goats
  5. Describe the managemental practices to be adopted during the transport of dairy cattle through road and rail.
  6. Discuss quarantine measures to be adopted for newly purchased animals.
  7. (b) Discuss various managemental practices to be adopted to ameliorate heat stress during summer for dairy cattle.
  8.  Write about breed characteristics of Madras Red Sheep.
  9. What are the modern management practices for enhancing productivity of pig?


  1. Write in brief on the following:
    1. Feeding of lambs for mutton production.
    1. Feeding schedule of calves from birth to 3 months age
  2. Explain, how will you ameliorate the problem of infertility in cattle and buffaloes under field conditions.
  3. Importance of colostrum feeding and management of new born calf.
  4. Plan for supply of green fodder throughout the year in an organized dairy farm.
  5. A farmer wants to start a dairy farm with 100 lactating crossbred cows. Suggest a plan with respect to capital, land, dairy equipment and feeding and breeding management practices.
  6. What are the common natural calamities encountered by animal owners in India?
  7.  How will you manage to feed the animals during scarcity conditions?
    What do you understand by good managemental practices? How will you develop a practical and economic ration for commercial broiler production?
  8. What is herd recording. Explain the purpose and types of records to be maintained in an organized livestock farm.


  1. Why are broilers and layers fed different types of rations? What are the similarities and dissimilarities in these two rations?
  2. How will you design an economic ration of pigs for production of lean meat? Explain
  3. Why is green fodder considered as an essential constituent of ration for
    young and mature livestock? How will you ensure round the year supply of green fodder for dairy animals?
  4. For a long time in India, mixed farming has been advocated more than
    the specialized farming. However, recent trends indicate that specialized farming is also gaining ground. What could be the reasons behind this changed mindset?
  5. Plan a dairy farm to produce approximately 500 kg milk per day year
    round. Indicate the feed and fodder requirements and the breeding programme to maintain the constancy of milk production.
  6. The demand for milk and milk products is constantly increasing in India. What are the various constraints that discourage many entrepreneurs in venturing in this sector?
  7. Why is green fodder considered as an essential constituent of ration for young and mature livestock? How will you ensure round the year supply of green fodder for dairy animals?
  8. What advanced preparations should be made to ensure milk production during natural disasters like drought and flood?


  1. What are the feeding habits of goats? Enlist the common feeds and fodders for goats.
  2. Compute a ration for a dairy cow weighing 400 kg and yielding 10 kg of milk with 4% fat from wheat straw (0% DCP and 40% TDN), green berseem (2% DCP and 12% TDN) limited to 15 kg and concentrate mixture (12% DCP and 70% TDN). The maintenance requirement is 250 g DCP and 3 kg TDN, whereas the requirement for 1 kg milk production is 45 g DCP and 300 g TDN.
  3. Traits of economic importance
  4. Guidelines to feed high yielder cows
  5. What could be the delayed consequences of natural disasters?
  6. What feeding practices are suggested for adult female pigs?
  7. What different systems of brooding are being practiced in poultry? How would you prepare a brooder house to receive chicks?


  1. Describe expected impacts, adaptation and mitigation strategies inlivestock to global warming.
  2. Dairy industries in advanced countries are more mechanized and systematic than in India. Explain with reasons and remedies
  3. Explain the mode of feeding and management practices of young piglets particularly for piglet anaemia and piglet diarrhoea
  4. In Indian rural conditions why dairying under mixed farming is economically more viable than dairying under specialised farming? Discuss


  1. Describe factors determining efficiency of traits of economic importance in dairy animals.
  2. Discuss milk pricing policy with respect to the producers
  3. Discuss complete feeding system for dairy farms
  4. Describe categories of livestock farm labor and discuss ways to improve their
  5. What is the current status of egg production in India? What management practices are followed in raising a flock of layer birds from day old chicks?
  6. What are the economic considerations in livestock farming in India? Discuss
  7. When natural calamities strike, what strategy needs to be adopted for livestock management in the affected areas? What preventive measures could be taken to minimize losses from such calamities
  8. A farmer, who has sufficient agricultural land, wishes to establish a dairy farm with 10 cattle. Suggest how he should prepare the budget estimates for his dairy farm listing all items/parameters he must consider with justification
  9. Discuss scientific practices for management of young buffalo calves from birth to 3 months of age


  1. Enumerate advantage and disadvantage of mixed farming discuss its suitability in cases of marginal form holding (15 Marks)
  2. You wish to set up a commercial poultry form with facility of hatchery. How would you go about retting it? Discuss its critical component (24)
  3. Discuss the modern manipulation technique which can be used to improve the
  4. Egg production in poultry (8)
  5. Wool production in sheep (8)
  6. Meat production in pig (8)
  7. Discuss the technological application being put into practice for improving digestibility and nutritive value of wheat bran & paddy straw. (20)
  8. Discuss the formulation of balanced diet in following group –
  9. Lactating dairy cattle (8)
  10. Pregnant cattle (8)
  11. Sheep reared for wool production (8)
  12. Heifers (8)


  1. Discuss recent trends in feeding of calf from birth to 3-month age (20)
  2. Write in brief factor determining the efficiency of dairy cows (10)


  1. Principle of clean milk production – (12)
  2. Which modern feeding standard would you recommend while formulating ration for high yielding cross bred cow giving full justification for its adoption under Indian context? – (20)
  3. Imp of hay & silage in livestock farming – (12)
  4. Livestock records and their important – (12)
  5. Summer anestrous in buffalo – ()
  6. Describe the care and management of heifers on a dairy farm – (20)
  7. Dairy full is considered as half of herd – justify the statement – (20)
  8. Enumerate managemental practice for breeding full – (20)
  9. In poultry production culling may sometime be essential if profit is to be essential. explain the statement illustrating you answer with situation in which this need to be practiced.


  1. Management of lactating dos – (12)
  2. Selection of full for breeding purpose (20)
  3. Brooding and rearing of poultry layers (20)
  4. Sanitation and disinfection on pig farm – (20)
  5. Discuss important of shelter for buffalo and cross bred cows draw a layout plan of shelter for 10 lactating jersey cows. – (25-35)
  6. Describe the important of colostrums, calf starter and milk replacers for neonates – (45)
  7. What is wool and how does it differ from hair? – (15)


  1. Steaming up – (20)
  2. Name ten agro industrial by product used in livestock feeding – (10)
  3. Agro industrial by product are gaining momentum day by day in livestock feeding. How do you proceed in preparing safer feed from their product – (50)
  4. Why is fertility status of cattle and buffalo low in India? Give suggestion for improving the fertility status of cattle and buffalo in India. – (60)
  5. Package of practice in supply of green fodder to dairy cattle round the year. – (20)
  6. Management of livestock in draught condition. – (20)
  7. Adopted in livestock rearing. Explain advantage and limitation in each forming system. Suggest a feasible farming system in ort suitable to Indian condition – (60)


  1. What is least cost ration? What is its significance under Indian condition? Write procedure of developing least cost ration – (60)
  2. Care of neonates – (20)
  3. Discuss various factor which can improved efficiency of dairy animals at a commercial dairy farm having 200 adult murrah buffalo in semi-arid Indian condition – (20)


  1. Maintenance of lactation in cows – (20)
  2. Factor affecting growth in buffalo. – (20)
  3. Management of newly born calf?


  1. What do you understand by commercial dairy farming? How does dairy farming in India differ from advanced countries? – (60)
  2. Method of control of heat stress – (20)


  1. Describe the symptom of heat in cow and buffalo. What is best time of breading to obtain best result? How breading efficiency in measured? Suggest suitable management practice to improve the breeding efficiency of above species. – (60)
  2. Compare dairying under mixed farming and specialized dairy farming primarily from standpoint of economic return to the owner. Which on of there is best suited to an average Indian farmer and why? – (60)
  3. Write about care of cow before and after parturition. Also describe care of newly born calf. Is it practical to practice weaning in India? Write a note on method of raising/weaning in India. – (60)


  1. Enumerate various type of essential records to be maintained by commercial dairy farm and justify their maintenance in estimating and controlling cord of milk production. – (60)
  2. Describe management of livestock during flood and thereafter. – (60)


  1. Mixed farming v/s specialized farming. – (20)
  2. Discuss various method of improvement of poor-quality roughage. Which method is suitable and application under Indian condition? Also indicate the method commonly used by farmers to improve nutritional value of straw. – (60)


  1. Management of piglet up to weaning. – (20)
  2. Computation of ration for pregnant cross bred cow yielding 10 kg. of milk. – (20)
  3. Draft animals are redundant following machines action in agriculture. Give comment with justification. – (60)
  4. Discuss the important of livestock farming under Indian condition. Compare dairy farming as practiced in India with that in advanced countries. Show how would you make dairy farming a more profitable enterprises than it is present. – (60)
  5. Dipping in sheep. – (12)
  6. Backyard Poultry. – (12)
  7. Write a note on resent status of reproductive efficiency of Indigenous cow and buffalo. Outline step to attain higher level of rep efficiency under Indian Condition. – (60)


  1. Swine feed has become very costly. Describes as how you will formulate a balanced swine ratio most ecumenically without adversely affecting the growth of baby growing pig and quality of meat production. – (60)
  2. Economic dairy farming. – (20)
  3. Modern trend in enhancing production of egg and poultry meat. – (20)
  4. Describe the merit and demerit of deep litter system and battery system of housing poultry which system will you recommend to poultry farmer in India and Why?
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