Elections to Bodoland Territorial Council

Context: Bodoland council polls to be held next month.

  • The elections to the 40-seat BTC, earlier scheduled on April 4, were deferred due to the pandemic.
  • Governor’s rule was imposed after the five-year term of the council ended.

Analysis

  • The Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) in Assam was constituted under the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India in the year 2003 after the signing of the Memorandum of Settlement on 10th February 2003 between the Government of India, the Government of Assam and Bodo Liberation Tigers, to fulfil economic, educational and linguistic aspiration and the preservation of land-rights, socio-cultural and ethnic identity of the Bodos; and to speed up the infrastructure in BTC area.
  • The Council aims at bringing about accelerated progress to one of the most backward regions of the state of Assam with a special focus on the development of the Bodo people in the field of education, preservation of land rights, linguistic aspiration, culture and its ethnic identity.

Powers and Functions of BTC

  • Powers In Respect Of Subjects Transferred to it by Assam Govt
  • The Council has legislative powers in respect of subjects transferred to it. The BTC also have executive, administrative and financial powers in respect of subjects transferred to it.
  • The Executive Council comprising of not more than 14 Executive Members, one who shall be the Chief and another one the Deputy Chief of the said Executive Council.
  • There shall be adequate representation for the non-tribal members in the Executive Council.

BTC Legislative Assebmly

  • As per the Memorandum of Settlement 40 members are elected to the General Council from 40 constituencies. Besides this 6 Members are nominated by the Governor of Assam from an un-represented community out of which two should be women.
  • The Bodoland Territorial Council Legislative Assembly consists of the Speaker, Deputy Speaker and other elected MLAs of the Bodoland Territorial Council.

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