Functioning of Panchayati Raj Institutions: eGramSwaraj, Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA), Mission Antyodaya

  • To strengthen functioning of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) covered under Part IX of the Constitution across the country, Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) has launched eGramSwaraj, a user-friendly web-based portal, which aims to bring in better transparency in the decentralised planning, progress reporting, financial management, work-based accounting and details of assets created.
  • Further, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj has launched the core Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA),which is being implemented from 2018-19 to 2021-22, with the primary aim of developing governance capabilities of PRIs to deliver on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with the main thrust on convergence with Mission Antyodaya and emphasis on strengthening PRIs in the 117 Aspirational districts.
  • The scheme of RGSA extends to all States/ UTs including institutions of Rural Local Government in Non-Part-IX areas.
  • Among other measures include incentivizing the States which have devolved more functions, funds and functionaries to Panchayats.
  • Article 280 (3) (bb) of the Constitution provides for the Finance Commission to make recommendations regarding the measures needed to augment the Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats in the State on the basis of the recommendations made by the Finance Commission of the State.

Mission Antyodaya

  • Adopted in Union Budget 2017-18, Mission Antyodaya of the Ministry of Rural Development, is a convergence and accountability frameworkaiming to bring optimum use and management of resources allocated by 27 Ministries/ Department of the Government of India under various programmes for the development of rural areas for transforming lives and livelihoods on measurable outcomes.
  • It is envisaged as state-led initiative with Gram Panchayats as focal points of convergence efforts.
  • Annual survey in Gram Panchayats across the country is an important aspect of Mission Antyodaya framework.
  • It is carried out coterminous with the People’s Plan Campaign (PPC) of Ministry of Panchayat Raj and its’ purpose is to lend support to the process of participatory planning for Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).
  • Mission Antyodaya strives to realise the vision of Poverty-free India by 2022.


  • Ensuring effective use of resources through the convergence of various Government Schemes with Gram Panchayats as the basic unit of planning.
  • Work with a focused micro plan for sustainable livelihood for every deprived household based upon SECC, 2011.
  • Conduct an annual survey on measurable outcomes at the Gram Panchayat level to monitor the progress in the development process across rural areas.
  • Supporting the process of participatory planning for the Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).
  • Encourages partnerships with a network of professionals, institutions and enterprises to further accelerate the transformation of rural livelihoods.

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