Hamas says pact reached to calm violence with Israel

Context: Gaza’s Hamas rulers said they have reached an agreement through international mediators (led by Egypt, the United Nations and Qatar) to end the latest round of cross-border violence with Israel.


  • Under the deal, Hamas would halt the launches of explosives-laden balloons and rocket fire into Israel, while Israel said it will ease a blockade that has been tightened in recent weeks.
  • The Israeli restrictions have worsened living conditions in Gaza at a time when it is coping with COVID-19 outbreak.

Terrorist/Militant organisations in Asia & Africa


  • Hamas or the Islamic Resistance Movement, is the militant Islamic Palestinian nationalist movement in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that is dedicated to the establishment of an independent Islamic state in historical Palestine.

Boko Haram

  • Boko Haram is an Islamic extremist/terror group based in north-eastern Nigeria, also active in Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon.
  • Boko Haram has been fighting for a decade to carve out an Islamic caliphate based in Nigeria.


  • Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen, more commonly known as al-Shabaab is a Salafist fundamentalist group based in East Africa.
  • In 2012, it pledged allegiance to Al-Qaeda.
  • Islamist militant group al-Shabab is battling the UN-backed government in Somalia, and has carried out a string of attacks across the region. 


  • Hezbollah is a Shiite Muslim political party and militant group based in Lebanon, where its extensive security apparatus, political organization, and social services network fostered its reputation as “a state within a state.”
  • Founded in the chaos of the fifteen-year Lebanese Civil War, the Iran-backed group is driven by its opposition to Israel and its resistance to Western influence in the Middle East.

Muslim Brotherhood

  • The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt’s oldest and largest political movement, has been crushed by a fierce wave of state-led repression in recent years.

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