High-altitude warfare

High altitude warfare is fought keeping the terrain and weather in mind.

Spotlight on high-altitude warfare

  1. The recent violent standoff between Indian and Chinese armies in the Galwan Valley of Ladakh region has drawn everybody’s attention.
  2. This event has also put the tough training and adverse weather combating practices in the spotlight as these two factors are kept in mind in these warfares.

Infrastructure and training

  1. Extra-solid infrastructure is developed in high & harsh terrains.
  2. These harsh terrains require special training of the troops and preparedness of a strong mindset.
  3. The troops are imparted training in basic and advance two stages.
  4. The advance training includes mountaineering to make them equipped for mountain warfares.

India: A hub of mountain warfare skills

  1. India is considered a hub of mountain warfare skills as most of the country’s north and northeast requires such skills.
  2. Indian troops assess the mindset of enemies to take lead in course of actions when the enemies take a position in vertical cliffs.
  3. This is considered the most difficult approach as the enemy holds the high lands’ advantage.

Challenges faced;

The soldiers on the high ground have a stationary position and can make the soldiers on the lower ground an easy target.

In Galwan valley like places where concealment is to the minimum, the enemy can pick the soldiers one by one.

The troops of lower ground use combat ratio of 1 : 6 but in Galwan valley like tough situations it may go up to 1 : 10.

Withdraw from Pangong, de-escalate from Galwan

“India demands PLA’s withdrawal during top-level military talks.”

Go back to 8th finger:

  1. India again insisted for the withdrawal of Chinese troops from Indian territory in the Pangong Tso lake region and Galwan valley.
  2. Expressing outrage India also told China that the violent standoff in Galwan valley was pre-planned and premediated which was unleashed against Indian soldiers on June 15.
  3. India strongly reiterated its demand to restore the status quo as it was in April 2020.
  4. India demands pulling back of Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) from ‘finger 4 to finger 8’.

11 hour-long meeting:

  1. There was no official word on the outcome of the second round of talks.
  2. The talks held between 14 Crops commander Lt-General Harinder Singh and South Xinjiang Military District chief Major General Liu Lin, went for 11 hours.
  3. The meeting started at 11:30 am and continued till 10:30 pm on the Chinese side of the Chusul-Moldo border personnel meeting point (BPM).

De-escalation will take time:

  1. It is not going to be easy at all. It will certainly take long seeing the current scenario.
  2. An army official from India said that we are hoping for the best but we are prepared for the worst.

India took ‘PP-14’ :

The PLA soldiers came to erect a “temporary post” near Petrolling Point-14 on the Indian side of the Galwan region.

The Chinese troops which were numerically high suddenly attacked the small contingent of Indian troops led by Col B Santosh Babu.

Though the Indian Army now has taken the area near PP-14 in control, PLA soldiers have built dozens of new fortifications and bunkers.

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