Context: The pandemic and a renewed interest in boosting immunity by adopting mindful eating and safe cooking methods has seen a surge in demand for traditional cookware.
- Khurja pottery is historic Indian pottery work manufactured in Khurja of the Bulandshahr district in Uttar Pradesh.
- A huge portion of the ceramics used in the country is supplied by Khurja supplies hence it is sometimes called “The Ceramics City.”
- Khurja pottery history goes back to around the old century when few wounded soldiers (army man) from Timur’s (Mughal emperor) army decided to remain behind.
- A number of these soldiers become potters and they brought this technique with them.
- Painting in ceramic pottery divided into 2 categories, Mughal art (old art) and normal painting with motifs on the outer surface.
- Mughal art (traditional art) is painted with cobalt (Cb)-bluish color followed by a colorless lead (Pb) glazing, whereas another category is drawing motifs like floral or geometric patterns on the pottery.
- Khurja pottery has been given GI tag under Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999.
- This Act seeks to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications relating to goods in India.
Other popular pottery in India
- Ceramics is one of the oldest materials used by various civilizations (starting from Harappan Civilisation) to make crockery and decorative items.
- Khurja pottery is the most popular glazed pottery forms in India, the process involves a range of labour-intensive tasks such as clay churning, moulding, colouring, followed by glazing.
Longpi Pottery, Manipur
- Originating in the Longpi villages of Ukhrul district of Manipur, Longpi pottery has gained international prominence owing to its sturdy nature.
- Made from black serpentine stone and a form of clay which is found only in this area, the classic black exterior with bamboo/cane woven around handles give the clay-wares a unique identity.
- Longpi pottery can also be used for baking and is microwave-friendly.
- Khavda Pottery, Gujarat
- Jaipur Blue Pottery, Rajasthan also has GI tag.
- Black pottery and terracotta, Madhya Pradesh
- Andretta pottery, Himachal Pradesh