Justice Lokur Committee

Context: As per SC directions, Former Supreme Court judge Madan B. Lokur, helped by student volunteer forces deployed from the National Cadet Corps, the National Service Scheme and the Bharat Scouts and Guides, will protect Delhi-NCR (National Capital Region) from pollution caused by stubble burning in the neighbouring States of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh this winter.

  • Student forces will patrol highways and fields in the three States and ensure that no fires are started in the fields.

Analysis

National Cadet Corps (NCC)

  • National Cadet Corps (NCC), the largest uniformed youth organisation in the world, celebrates its Raising Day on the fourth Sunday of November.
  • The National Cadets Corps came into existence under the National Cadet Corps Act XXXI of 1948. 
  • The nature of the NCC Programme is voluntary and the NCC Programme is a part of the educational activity and not of military activity.
  • The motto of NCC is: UNITY AND DISCIPLINE
  • A student enrolled into NCC is referred to as a “Cadet”.

The Aim(s) of NCC are:

  • To develop character, commandership, discipline, leadership, secular outlook, spirit of adventure and the ideals of selfless service amongst the youth of the country.
  • To create a human resource of organized, trained and motivate youth to provide leadership in all walks of life and always available for the service of the nation.
  • To provide a suitable environment to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.
  • The Finances/Funds for NCC are shared by the Central and State Govts.
  • NCC Song – ‘Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain’ 

NCC symbol/insignia?

  • It is the NCC Crest in gold in the middle, with the letters “NCC”; encircled by a wreath of seventeen lotus with a background in Red, Blue and Light blue.
  • The colour Red depicts in the NCC Crest depicts the Army. The colours Dark Blue and Light blue in the NCC Crest depict the Navy and the Air Force respectively.
  • The Lotus flowers depicts in NCC Crest represent the 17 State Directorates.
  • The Ministry of Defence at the National level deals with NCC and Education Ministry deals with NCC in all States.

National Service Scheme (NSS)

  • National Service Scheme (NSS) is a Central Sector Scheme of Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports.
  • NSS aim is to provide hands on experience to young students in delivering community service.
  • An NSS volunteer who takes part in the community service programme would either be a college level or a senior secondary level student.

Major Activities

Adventure Program

  • The camps are held every year which are attended NSS volunteers with at least 50% of the volunteers being girl students.
  • These camps are conducted in Himalayan Region in the North and Arunachal Pradesh in North East region.
  • The adventure activities undertaken in these camps includes trekking of mountains, water rafting, Para-sailing and basic skiing.
  • Overall Objective is to infuse the sense of love towards the various regions of India

National Youth Festivals (NYFs)

  • National Youth Festivals are organized every year from 12th to 16th January by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports in collaboration with the State Governments in different parts of the country.
  • This is done in order to:
  1. Make the volunteers aware of the various festivals celebrated in the country.
  2. Make the volunteers aware of the various festivals celebrated in the country.

Nehru Yuva Kendras

  • Nehru Yuva Kendras were established in the year 1972 with the objective of providing rural youth avenues to take part in the process of nation building as well providing opportunities for the development of their personality and skills.
  • In the year 1987-88, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) was set up as an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, to oversee working of these Kendras.
  • NYKS is the largest grassroots level youth organization; one of its kind in the world.
  • It channelizes the power of youth on the principles of voluntarism, self-help and community participation.
  • Over the years, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan has established a network of youth clubs in villages, where Nehru Yuva Kendras have been set up.
  • Youth Clubs are village-based organizations working for community development and youth empowerment.

Objectives of NYKS are Two-Fold:

  • To involve the rural youth in nation-building activities.
  • To develop such skills and values in them with which they become responsible and productive citizens of a modern, secular and technological nation.

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