Migration Commission (PIB)

  • Context: Setting up of Migration Commission under NITI Aayog.

Analysis

  • NITI Aayog has constituted a sub-group to prepare a National Action Plan for Migrant Workers.
  • The sub-group comprises the members from various Ministries of Govt. of India, subject experts, NGOs and civil society organisations, to prepare a tangible action plan to address issues related to migrant workers.
  • In order to safeguard the interest of the migrant workers, the Central Government had enacted the Inter-state Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.
  • This Act has now been subsumed in the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 (OSH Code).
  • OSH Code, has been notified on 29.09.2020, provides for decent working conditions, minimum wages, grievances redressal mechanisms, protection from abuse and exploitation, enhancement of the skills and social security to all category of organised and unorganised workers including Migrant workers.                 
  • The OSH Code is applicable to every establishment in which 10 or more inter-state migrant workers are employed or were employed on any day of the preceding 12 months.

International Precedents

  • The Global Commission on International Migration, the first-ever global panel addressing international migration, was officially launched by the United Nations Secretary-General and a number of governments on 9 December 2003 in Geneva.
  • It was composed of members, drawn from all regions and bringing together a wide range of migration perspectives and expertise.
  • The Global Commission on International Migration finished its work on 31 December 2005.

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