Context: The number of suicide cases and accidental deaths registered an increase across the country last year from the 2018 figures, according to the annual National Crime Records Bureau report.
- The total number of male suicides, the most were of daily wage earners, followed by self-employed persons and the unemployed. Of the total number of female suicides, over half were housewives.
- The suicide rate in cities (13.9%) was higher compared to the all-India average.
Accidental Deaths In India
- Accidental deaths in the country increased by 2.3% when compared with that in 2018.
- The most casualties of 30.9% were reported in the 30-45 age group, followed by 26% in the 18-30 age group.
- The major causes were ‘traffic accidents’ (43.9%), ‘sudden deaths’ (11.5%), ‘drowning’ (7.9%), ‘poisoning’ (5.1%), ‘falls’ (5.1%) and ‘accidental fire’ (2.6%).
- Maharashtra reported the highest deaths, amounting to nearly one-sixth of the total figure.
- The most deaths due to lightning was reported each from Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, followed by Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.
Defination Is National Crime Records Bureau
National Crime Records Bureau
- NCRB, now under the Home Ministry, was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
- NCRB developed Crime Criminal Information System (CCIS) in the year 1995, Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) in 2004, and finally Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & System (CCTNS) in 2009.
- National Digital Police Portal allows search for a criminal/suspect on a national data base apart from providing various services to citizens like filing of complaints online and seeking antecedent verification of tenants, domestic helps, drivers etc.
- NCRB also compiles and publishes annual National Crime Statistics i.e., Crime in India, Accidental Deaths & Suicides, Prison Statistics and Finger Prints.
- NCRB has been conferred with “Digital India Awards 2016-Silver Open Data Championship” from the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
- NCRB has also floated various IT based Public Services like, Vahan Samanvay (online Motor Vehicle Matching), Talash (matching of missing persons and dead bodies).
- In addition, NCRB also maintains Counterfeit Currency Information and Management System (FICN) and Firearms Coordination System for lost and recovered firearms.
About Cyber Crime Prevention Against Women and Children
Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) portal
- Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has launched Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) portal to check objectionable online content.
- The portal will allow citizens to lodge complaints on objectionable online content related to child pornography, child sexual abuse material and sexually explicit material such as rape and gang rape.
- The portal will enable citizens to report complainants in without disclosing their identity.
- It also allows complainants to upload objectionable content and URL to assist in investigation by state Police.
- The complaints registered through this portal will be handled by police authorities of respective State/UTs.
- In this regard, NCRB has been notified as Central Government nodal agency to issue notices under the Information Technology (IT) Act.
Other Functions of NCRB
- To function as a clearinghouse of information on crime and criminals including those operating at National and International levels so as to assists the investigators.
- To store, coordinate and disseminate information on inter-state and international criminals from and to respective States, national investigating agencies, courts and prosecutors in India without having to refer to the Police Station records.
- To collect and process crime statistics at the National level.
- Executive and develop computer-based systems for the Central Police Organisations.
- To function as the National storehouse of fingerprint (FP) records of convicted persons including FP records of foreign criminals.