National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) and associated Schemes

  • The National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) was launched in 2015, to provide a strong institutional framework to implement and scale up skill development efforts across the country and to impart training to one crore youth every year.
  • Under Skill India Mission, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship imparts employable skills to the youth through long term and short term training.
  • The Ministry is implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 2.0) and Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) for short term training.
  • The Long Term Training is imparted through Industrial Training Institutes under Craftsmen Training Scheme. 

Jan Shikshan Sansthan

  • Jan Shikshan Sansthan (formerly known as Shramik Vidyapeeth) provide vocational skills to non-literate, neo-literates as well as school drop-outs by identifying skills that have a market in the region of their establishment.
  • Neo-literate is an adult or an. the adolescent who did not or could not make use of the available educational opportunities on time, and who at a later stage acquired the skills of literacy through formal or non-formal approaches.
  • The Scheme is being implemented with the public and private partnership for the last five decades for the upliftment of women, SC, ST, OBC and Minority in rural and urban slums.
  • JSC are providing vocational training at the doorstep of the beneficiary in the unreached areas.
  • The Scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan has been transferred from the Ministry of Human Resource Development to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2018.

Target Group

  • Socio-economically backward and educationally disadvantaged groups of rural/urban population.
  • Main target includes non-literate, neo-literates, person education upto 8th standard, school drop-outs, in the age group of 15-35 years.
  • Priority given to women, SC, ST, OBC and Minorities in rural areas and urban slums.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 2.0)

  • This is the flagship scheme for skill training of youth to be implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  • Flagship schemes of a government are those schemes which are the main or most important and address major national concerns.
  • As the schemes are of utmost importance, the funding of these schemes is slightly higher than other schemes.
  • The Flagship schemes of the Indian Government are declared by the Union Cabinet or the Development Evaluation Advisory Committee (DEAC) of NITI Aayog.
  • The scheme will cover 10 million youth during the period 2016-2020.
  • Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
  • Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.

Eligible Beneficiaries

  • In line with the scheme objectives, the scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who:
  • An unemployed youth, college/school dropout
  • Has a verifiable identity proof – Aadhaar / Voter id and a bank account.

Key components Short Term Training

  • Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), Training Centres (TCs) shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy.
  • Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours.
  • Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs).
  • Under PMKVY, the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government.
  • Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.

Recognition of Prior Learning

  • Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme.
  • TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra

  • These are Model Training Centres (MTCs) being established in every district of the country.
  • NSDC is the implementation agency for the project.
  • Loan assistance under the PMKK project shall only be sanctioned to any form of separate legal entity including but not limited to Company/Society/Trust, as per the process and applicable laws and guidelines.
  • NSDC will provide a concessional secured loan funding per centre, up to 75% of the project investment.
  • Each PMKK will be assured a training mandate for three years under the PMKVY scheme.

National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

  • It is a not-for-profit public limited company incorporated under Companies Act, 2013.
  • NSDC was set up by Ministry of Finance as Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
  • The Government of India through Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) holds 49% of the share capital of NSDC, while the private sector has the balance 51% of the share capital.
  • NSDC aims to promote skill development by catalyzing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions.

World Youth Skills Day

  • In December 2014, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring 15th July as World Youth Skills Day.
  • The theme for 2020 World Youth Skills Day is “Skills for a Resilient Youth”.
  • The vision of the Incheon Declaration: Education 2030 is fully captured by Sustainable Development Goal 4 “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.

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