Noumea Accord and New Caledonia

  • The French South Pacific territory of New Caledonia votes in a referendum on independence recently, with voters rejected breaking away from France after almost 170 years despite rising support for the move.
  • The referendum is part of a carefully negotiated de-colonisation plan agreed in 1998, known as the Noumea Accord, designed to put an end to a deadly conflict between the mostly pro-independence indigenous Kanak population, and the descendants of European settlers known as “Caldoches”.
  • It was the second time the archipelago went to the polls to decide on its fate in two years, after a first referendum in 2018 resulted in status quo with 56.7% of the vote.

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