Sarojini Naidu: The Nightingale of India (PIB)

Context: The 141st birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu also known as Nightingale of India/ Bharat Kokila, a doyen of Indian Independence movement, is being celebrated on 13th February, 2021.

Analysis

  • Sarojini Naidu was eventually drawn towards Indian National Congress’ movement to liberate India from the British.
  • She went on to become a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and was subsequently appointed President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 (the first Indian woman to become President of the Congress).
  • She accompanied Gandhi to London for the inconclusive second session of the Round Table Conference in 1931.
  • In 1942, while Gandhi was leading the Quit India Movement, the British government imprisoned her for almost two years.
  • Presenting the National Flag to the House on behalf of the women of India, Srimati Hansa Mehta said: “In the absence of Srimati Sarojini Naidu, it is my proud privilege on behalf of the women of India to present this flag to the nation through you. 
  • After India gained independence in 1947, Naidu was appointed as the governor of the United Provinces, which is today known as Uttar Pradesh.
  • With her appointment, she became India’s first woman governor.
  • From 1906 onwards, Jinnah propagated the theme of national unity in the meetings that he addressed, earning from Sarojini Naidu the title ‘Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity.’
  • Sarojini Naidu was also known for her literary prowess and in 1914 she was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.
  • Sarojini Naidu otherwise known as The Nightingale of India earned this nickname for herself because of her contribution to poetry.
  • The birth anniversary of Naidu is celebrated as National Women’s Day in India.

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