Some Additional Information about Malaria Control

Context: The World malaria report, published annually by WHO, provides a comprehensive update on global and regional malaria data and trends.

Notable Facts relevant for us

HIL (India) has supplied DDT to South Africa for Malaria control program

  • HIL (India) Limited, a PSU under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers is the sole manufacturer of DDT globally.
  • The company was incorporated in the year 1954 to manufacture and supply DDT to Government of India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for malaria control programme.
  • The Company is also exporting the product to many African countries.
  • DDT is one of the chemicals targeted by the Stockholm Convention
  • Spraying of insecticides inside the human habitants i.e. Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) has proven to be effective mosquito control tool.
  • World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends DDT as one of the efficient IRS chemicals to curb malaria mosquito menace and it is widely used by many Southern African countries and India.

Notifiable Disease

  • The Centre has notified several diseases such as cholera, diphtheria, encephalitis, leprosy, meningitis, pertussis (whooping cough), plague, tuberculosis, AIDS, hepatitis, measles, yellow fever, malaria, dengue, etc.
  • A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities.

Certification of malaria elimination:

  • Certification of malaria elimination is the official recognition by WHO of a country’s malaria-free status.
  • WHO grants this certification when a country has proven, beyond reasonable doubt, that the chain of local transmission of all human malaria parasites has been interrupted nationwide for at least the past 3 consecutive years.
  • Maldives and Sri Lanka are the two countries in the region which have eliminated malaria.

The Global Fund

  • The Global Fund is a 21st-century partnership organization designed to accelerate the end of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics.
  • Founded in 2002, the Global Fund is a partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector and people affected by the diseases.
  • The Global Fund raises and invests nearly US$4 billion a year to support programs run by local experts in countries and communities most in need.
  • The Global Fund does not implement programs on the ground.
  • Global Fund staff, all based in Geneva, Switzerland, come from all professional backgrounds and from more than 100 different countries.
  • Note: Stockholm Convention was covered in 9th Sep file.