The Group of Four (G4)

Context: China said there were “enormous divisions” and a lack of consensus on taking forward the stalled reforms of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), a day after the G4 group called for an early push for text-based negotiations.


  • G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan are four countries that support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
  • There is widespread support, including by four of the five permanent members of the Security Council – US, UK, France and Russia – for a permanent seat for India at the Council.
  • Chinese analysts have long been dismissive of the G4, and have in the past indicated that China would not favour the inclusion of at least three of its members for differing reasons.
  • India and Japan considering their historically difficult relations with China, and Germany because it is not a developing country.

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